AHIMSA: PRINCIPLES & HISTORY

Ahimsa is the climax of thought process for the welfare of human race. It is the basis of the flowering of life in both the worldly and the spiritual sense. The pious feeling of Ahimsa is the bed rock for the growth of the institution of family from individuals, society from families and nation form societies leading to the brotherhood of nations. A correct evaluation of the progress of human civilization can be done only in terms of Ahimsa. All religions and philosophies merge within the broder definition of Ahimsa. All religions therefore, admit the importance of Ahimsa. There can not be any difference of opinion as to the all embracing nature of Ahimsa. Ahimsa has been thought and talked about in every religion, philosophy and sect all over the world, whether it be the Vedic religion, or the Buddhist, the Jewish, the Persian, the Taoist , the Confucian, the Christian, the Islamic, the Shinto, the Sikh or the Jain religion, Ahimsa can not be defined within the narrow confines of regionalism, linguistic chauvinism, sectarianism or communalism, nor can it be thought of in term of as petty and personal property of an individual. It is and all embracing sense of one ness with the world. That is why history and principles of Ahimsa become important in the curriculum of training in Ahimsa course. Ahimsa brings only when an attitudinal balance has already been achieved by an individual.

The world famous historian, Professor Arnold Toyenbee, has stated that Ahimsa Has to be accepted as a way of life, if the world has to be saved from annihilation Violent species of the world numbering 600, in the animal and bird classes, have Already become extinct due internecine warfare. As against this 700 species of birds and animals, who exist with love and affection, have registered a growth in numbers.

Ahimsa is, therefore, desirable for all, the individual, the society and the nation. Only, the individual is required to be immune from the ills of social and physical environment, confident in the belief that he can bridge the gap between economic competition and poverty, communal harmony and communal disturbances and establish and balanced social order base on amity and balance in human relationship. Individual idiosyncracy or absolutistic ( or non-relatiristic ) attitude promotes violence. It is , therefore, important to have training in Ahimsa to understand from a non-absolutistic or relative point of view of every religion and its philosophy .